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CHEMICALS

Acids
Side by Side Material Comparison Chemical Resistance Chart (Note: Large File)

 

Reagent Time Exposed Percent Increase Observed Condition of Plastic
Weight Thickness
 Acetic, 5% 1 year 3.6 2.1 Slightly softened
 Acetic, 10% 2 months 5.2 2.4 Slightly softened
Acetic, 30% 2 months 13.6 8.6 Softened and swollen
 Boric, 5% 2 days 1.3 0.0 Unchanged
 Chromic, 6% 8 days
(38ºC, 100ºF)
2.0 0.1 Slightly stained
 Citric, 10% 4 months
(60ºC, 140ºF)
1.6 0.8 Slightly softened
 Citric, 10% 1 year 1.4 0.6 Unchanged
Citric, 60% 4 months
(60ºC, 140ºF)
Surface attacked
 Fluosilicic,
 10%
2 months 4.5 1.2 Unchanged
 Fluosilicic,
 28%
2 months 4.7 3.6 Unchanged
 Formic, 3% 20 days Unchanged
 Hydrochloric,
 10%
1 year 0.9 0.5 Surface slightly attacked
Hydrofluoric,
 10%
1 month 10.3 5.5 Slightly swollen and softened
Hydrofluoric,
 48%
  Dissolved
 Lactic, 50% 2 days 1.6 0.5 Unchanged
Nitric, 10% 8 months Decomposed
 Oleic 1 year 2.3 1.5 Unchanged
 Phosphoric,
 30%
2 months 1.3 0.8 Unchanged
 Phosphoric,
 50%
2 months 1.6 0.8 Unchanged
Phosphoric,
 75%
2 months Partially decomposed
 Pyrogallic,
 4%
1 week 2.6 1.1 Stained yellow
 Stearic 1 week Unchanged
 Sulfuric, 3% 1 year 1.6 1.0 Slightly discolored
 Sulfuric, 10% 1 year 1.5 0.7 Slightly discolored
Sulfuric, 20% 1 year 0.9 0.3 Slightly softened, surface attacked
Sulfuric, 30% 1 year –0.4 –0.3 Surface attacked
Sulfuric, 94%   Disintegrated
 Tannic, 10% 4 months
(38ºC, 100ºF)
2.8 1.2 Unchanged
 Trichloroacetic,
 1%
1 month 3.3 0.5 Unchanged
Trichloroacetic,
 5%
1 month 9.3 3.1 Softened



Alcohols, Monohydric

Reagent Time Exposed Percent Increase Observed Condition of Plastic
Weight Thickness
 n-Amyl 2 days 3.1 3.0 Unchanged
tert-Amyl 2 days 14.0 11.3 Softened, tacky
n-Butyl 2 days 6.5 7.2 Swollen
sec-Butyl 2 days 7.2 10.7 Swollen
tert-Butyl 2 days 3.6 3.3 Slightly softened
Diacetone   Dissolved
Ethyl (denatured) 2 days 23.0 24.7 Softened
Ethyl, 50% 1 week 13.4 11.6 Softened
2-Ethylhexyl 1 week Swollen
Isoamyl 2 days 2.0 2.1 Very slightly softened
Isopropyl 2 days 23.4 25.1 Softened, tacky
Methyl   Dissolved
 Methyl, 5% 1 year 2.0 1.2 Slightly softened
n-Propyl 2 days 15.0 4.4 Slightly softened
Tetrahydrofurfuryl   Dissolved

Alcohols, Dihydric and Trihydric

Reagent Time Exposed Percent Increase Observed Condition of Plastic
Weight Thickness
Diethylene
 Glycol
2 months 8.2 6.1 Softened
 2-Ethyl
 Hexanediol-1,3
2 days
(38ºC, 100ºF)
Unchanged
 Ethylene
 Glycol
1 year 4.2 2.1 Unchanged
 Glycerin 1 year 0.0 0.4 Unchanged
 Propylene
 Glycol
2 days 0.4 0.0 Unchanged
Triethylene
 Glycol
2 months 8.6 6.7 Softened

Hydrocarbons

Reagent Time Exposed Percent Increase Observed Condition of Plastic
Weight Thickness
 Gas, Natural,
 aromatic-free
1 year Showed slight decrease in tensile strength and increase in impact strength
 Gas, Natural,
 5% aromatic
 content
23 days Showed slight decrease in tensile strength and increase in impact strength
 Heptane 1 year 1.6 2.5 Unchanged
 Hexane 1 week Unchanged
 Propane, gas 2 months 0.3 0.6 Unchanged
 Propane, liquid 2 months 1.4 4.6 Unchanged
Toluene 2 days 39.3 54.9 Softened
Xylene 1 week 41.5 33.2 Softened




Hydrocarbons, Halogenated

Reagent Time Exposed Percent Increase Observed Condition of Plastic
Weight Thickness
Carbon Tetrachloride 2 days 14.8 6.8 Surface slightly softened
Chlorobenzene   Dissolved
Chlorobromomethane   Dissolved
Chloroform   Dissolved
o-Dichlorobenzene 3 days Softened and swollen
p-Dichlorobenzene 3 days 11.1 11.7 Swollen
Ethylene Chloride   Dissolved
Methylene Chloride   Dissolved
Propylene Chloride   Dissolved
s-Tetrabromoethane 3 days Softened, swollen, and tacky
Tetrachloroethane   Dissolved
Tetrachloroethylene 12 days Badly swollen
Trichloroethylene 1 day Badly swollen




Ketones

Reagent Time Exposed Percent Increase Observed Condition of Plastic
Weight Thickness
Acetone   Dissolved
���Cyclohexanone   Dissolved
Di-Isopropyl Ketone   Dissolved
Methyl Ethyl Ketone   Dissolved
Methyl n-Butyl Ketone   Dissolved
Methyl Isobutyl Ketone   Dissolved
Phorone   Dissolved
Reagent Time Exposed Percent Increase Observed Condition of Plastic
Weight Thickness
Aluminum Acetate,
Basic, 33%
water slurry
2 months 1.8 0.6 Unchanged
Aluminum Chloride,
10%
2 months 1.5 0.7 Unchanged
Aluminum Chloride,
saturated solution
2 months 0.1 0.0 Unchanged
Aluminum Sulfate,
solid
3 months 1.7 1.1 Unchanged
Ammonium Bifluoride,
saturated solution
1 month 2.3 Slightly bleached
Ammonium Chloride,
saturated solution
1 month 2.1 0.8 Unchanged
Ammonium Nitrate,
solid
1 week 0.2 0.2 Unchanged
Ammonium Nitrate,
10%
1 week 1.7 0.8 Unchanged
Ammonium Sulfate,
solid
1 year 0.1 0.6 Unchanged
Ammonium Sulfate,
10%
1 year 1.3 0.5 Unchanged
Calcium Chloride,
2.5%
1 year 1.5 0.9 Unchanged
Calcium Chloride,
40%
2 months 0.4 0.0 Unchanged
Calcium Hypochlorite,
6%
1 year 6.0 –3.8 Softened and cracked
Calcium Hypochlorite,
30%
13 days 0.8 0.0 Unchanged
Calcium Phosphate,
Monobasic, solid
1 year 1.7 0.5 Unchanged
Calcium Phosphate,
Dibasic, solid
1 year –0.6 0.6 Unchanged
Calcium Phosphate,
Tribasic, solid
1 year –0.6 0.6 Unchanged
Calcium Sulfate
(Gypsum), solid
1 year –0.1 0.6 Unchanged
Copper Sulfate
(Cupric), 10%
2 months 1.7 0.6 Unchanged
Copper Sulfate,
saturated solution
2 months 1.7 0.9 Unchanged
Cuprous Chloride,
solid
1 week 1.5 Unchanged
Ferric Ammonium
Sulfate, solid
1 week
(38ºC, 100ºF, 80% RH)
0.3 Unchanged
Ferric Chloride,
5%
2 months 2.0 0.8 Unchanged
Ferric Chloride,
20%
2 months 1.7 1.0 Unchanged
Ferric Chloride,
40%
2 months 1.3 0.4 Unchanged
Ferric Chloride,
saturated solution
1 month 0.9 0.3 Unchanged
Lithium Bromide,
solid
1 week –0.7 0.0 Unchanged
Lithium Bromide,
50%
1 week 0.0 0.0 Unchanged
Magnesium Carbonate,
2.5%
2 days 1.6 1.0 Unchanged
Potassium Aluminum
Sulfate (alum), 21%
4 months
(38ºC, 100ºF)
1.9 0.8 Unchanged
Potassium Bromide,
3%
3 days
(38ºC, 100ºF)
1.3 Unchanged
Potassium Chloride,
solid
1 year 0.1 0.5 Unchanged
Potassium Chloride,
10%
1 year 1.7 0.4 Unchanged
Potassium Chrome
Alum, 10%
3 days
(38ºC, 100ºF)
1.3 Unchanged
Potassium Cyanide,
10%
2 months 1.4 0.3 Slightly discolored (brown)
Potassium Cyanide,
saturated solution
2 months 0.5 0.0 Slightly discolored (brown)
Potassium
Ferricyanide, 10%
4 days Unchanged
Potassium Sulfate,
solid
1 year 0.1 0.6 Unchanged
Potassium Sulfate,
10%
1 year 1.4 0.4 Unchanged
Silver Nitrate,
2.5%
2 days 1.5 0.0 Unchanged
Sodium Acetate,
3%
3 days
(38ºC, 100ºF)
1.3 Unchanged
Sodium Aluminum
Sulfate, solid
1 week 1.6 0.4 Unchanged
Sodium Bicarbonate,
2.5%
2 days 1.7 0.5 Unchanged
Sodium Bisulfate,
solid
1 week
(38ºC, 100ºF, 80% RH)
0.1 Unchanged
Sodium Bisulfate,
1%
3 days
(38ºC, 100ºF)
1.3 Unchanged
Sodium Bisulfite,
20%
1 week 2.1 0.8 Unchanged
Sodium Borate,
2.5%
2 days 1.5 0.5 Unchanged
Sodium Carbonate,
solid
1 week
(38ºC, 100ºF, 80% RH)
3.9 Unchanged
Sodium Carbonate,
2.5%
1 year 1.3 0.9 Unchanged
Sodium Carbonate,
6%
3 days
(38ºC, 100ºF)
1.2 Unchanged
Sodium Carbonate,
10%
1 year Unchanged
Sodium Chloride,
2.5%
1 year Unchanged
Sodium Chloride,
10%
1 year 1.3 0.5 Unchanged
Sodium Chloride,
saturated solution
2 months 0.8 0.3 Unchanged
Sodium Chloride,
saturated solution
2 months
(60ºC, 140ºF)
0.9 0.9 Unchanged
Sodium Chromate,
saturated solution
1 week 0.6 0.2 Unchanged
Sodium Cyanide,
10%
2 months 1.0 0.3 Unchanged
Sodium Cyanide,
saturated solution
2 months –0.2 –0.4 Unchanged
Sodium
Ferrocyanide,
solid
1 week 0.8 Unchanged
Sodium Fluoride,
4%
1 month 2.5 Unchanged
Sodium Hypochlorite,
30%
13 days 1.1 –2.1 Unchanged
Sodium Nitrate,
solid
2 months 0.1 0.1 Unchanged
Sodium Nitrate,
10%
1 year 1.2 0.4 Unchanged
Sodium Nitrate,
saturated solution
2 months 0.9 0.4 Unchanged
Sodium Silicate,
solid
2 months 0.3 0.2 Unchanged
Sodium Silicate,
saturated solution
2 months 1.2 0.1 Unchanged
Sodium Sulfite,
10%
1 week 2.1 0.9 Unchanged
Sodium Thiosulfate,
20%
13 days 1.1 0.0 Unchanged
Sodium Thiosulfate,
24%
3 days
(38ºC, 100ºF)
1.2 Unchanged
Tetra (2-Ethylbutyl)
Silicate
1 month
(50ºC, 122ºF)
–0.7 –0.1 Unchanged
Trimethyl Benzyl
Ammonium
Chloride, 5%
17 days 1.1 0.1 Unchanged
Zinc Chloride
(hydrous salt)
1 week 0.5 0.0 Unchanged
Zinc Chloride,
saturated solution
1 week 1.4 0.8 Slightly etched
Zinc Oxide,
solid
1 week Unchanged



Miscellaneous Chemicals and Gases

Reagent Time Exposed Percent Increase Observed Condition of Plastic
Weight Thickness
 Ammoniated
 Mercury
1 week (60ºC, 140ºF) Unchanged
Aniline   Dissolved
Benzaldehyde   Dissolved
Butadiene-1,3,
 liquid
6 months 19.3 26.4 Swollen and softened
 Butadiene-1,3,
 gas
1 month 2.7 2.3 Unchanged
Carbon Disulfide 1 week 25.8 1.6 Softened and swollen
Carbon Disulfide,
 saturated
 atmosphere
2 days 17.4 11.8 Warped
Chlorine, dry 1 week 8.8 2.2 Crazed and brittle
Chlorine, moist 1 week 7.8 0.1 Crazed and brittle
Chlorine,
 saturated
 solution
1 week Considerably softened and swollen
1,4-Dioxane   Dissolved
 Ethylene Oxide,
 gas
10 minutes (41ºC, 105ºF) Unchanged
Ethylene Oxide,
 gas
1 day 20.9 25.6 Swollen and softened
 Formaldehyde,
 4%
10 min per day for 5 days 0.2 Unchanged
Formaldehyde,
 35%
2 months 13.0 6.7 Swollen and softened
Furfural   Dissolved
 Hydrogen
 Peroxide,
 3%
1 year 1.7 1.1 Unchanged
 Hydrogen
 Peroxide,
 5%
2 days 1.4 1.3 Unchanged
 Hydrogen Sulfide,
 dry
2 months 2.3 0.8 Unchanged
 Hydrogen Sulfide,
 moist
2 months 3.0 1.7 Unchanged
 Hydrogen Sulfide,
 saturated solution
2 months 5.9 2.3 Unchanged
 Hydroquinone,
 20 g per gallon
1 week 2.4 1.0 Slightly stained yellow
Methyl
 Methacrylate
 Monomer
  Dissolved
Nitrobenzene   Dissolved
 Ozone,
 0.05–0.15 ppm
45 days (outdoors) Unchanged
 Ozone, 0.7 ppm 45 days (49ºC, 120ºF) Yellowed
Phenol 1 week Decomposed
Styrene Monomer   Dissolved
 Sulfur, solid 1 week Unchanged
Sulfur Dioxide,
 dry
2 months 19.4 8.6 Swollen, slightly warped
Sulfur Dioxide,
 moist
2 months 31.9 10.2 Considerably swollen and warped
Sulfur Dioxide,
 saturated
2 months 23.2 18.1 Swollen and warped
Sulfur Dioxide
 in Hydrocarbons
  Dissolved
Sulfur Dioxide
 and Hydrocarbon
 Vapor
2 months 19.2 11.5 Swollen
Titanium
 Tetrachloride
3 days Very brittle
 Trinitrotoluene
 (TNT), water slurry
4 weeks Stained